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C 8344.7^2.5' 



HARVARD COLLEGE 
LIBRARY 




THE GIFT OF 

FRIENDS HISTORICAL LIBRARY 

OF SWARTHMORE COLLEGE 

SWARTHMORE, PENNSYLVANIA 






\ 



i*. 






v.- 



'•3 






I 



JOURNAL SUPPLEMENT, No. 6. 



JOHN AP JOHN, 

AND EARLY RECORDS OF FRIENDS IN WALES. 



Compiled by 

WILLIAM GREGORY NORRIS^ 



Edited for the 

FRIENDS^ HISTORICAL SOCETY 

By NORMAN PENNEY. 



LONDON; 

Headley Brothers, 14, Bishopsgate Without, E.C 

PHILADELPHIAj NEVYORKi 

Hermaa Newman, tOtO Afch St* David S. Taber, 51 Fifth Avenise. 

1 907* 



\ 






1 



HARVARD COLLEGE LIDRARY 

cirr OF 

FRIENDS HISTORICAL LIDSHrtV 
SVVARlhMORI^ COLLEi-iE 

ilAN 16 1935 



HIADLBT BROTHERS, 

PRINTERS, 

LONDON ; AND ASHFORD; RENT. 



C^nttntt* 



PAGBi 



Chapter I. 
Early Years of John ap John - . - - i 

Chapter II. 

Allusions to John ap John in Friends' 
Literature : — 

i. The Journal of George Fox - - 6 

ii. The Writings of John Burnyeat- - lo 

iii. Besse's Sufferings of the Quakers - ii 

iv. The Journal of Richard Da vies - - 13 

V. The Minutes of the Quarterly Meet- 
ing for Merionethshire, etc. - - 19 

vi. The Journal of John Gratton - - 20 

vii. L-etters of Thomas Holme - - - 21 

Chapter III. 
The Descendants of John ap John - - - 25 



dcl^^^^A• 



PAOB. 



Thje Yearly Meeting for Wales - - - 29 

Visits of William Edmondson to Wales - 32 

Visits OF Thomas Story to Wales - - - 32 

The Pant 33 

Emigration to Pennsylvania - - - - 35 

pont-y-moel 36 

Index 39 



^ttMttationg^ 



Burial Ground, Pontymoile - - Frontispiece 

Signature of John ap John 5 

Document written by John ap John ... 6 

Signature of Thomas Holme - - - - 22 

Arms of Beadles of the Pant - - - - 34 

The Pant - 34 

Plan of the Burial Ground at Pont-y-Moel 37 



DasFriends* Reference Library, Devonshire House, Bishopsgate, 
London, E.G. 

F.P.T.=:** The First Publishers of Truth," published by the Friends' 
Historical Society. 



h 



641% ^me of 3ogn ap ^ojn. 

Amongst the numerous persons who were influenced 
by the preaching of the earliest associates of George 
Fox, and who at once engaged actively as Ministers 
in the " service of Truth," was John ap John, resident 
near Wrexham in Wales, who soon acquired local influ- 
ence and prominence. Partly from the difficulty of 
tracing his ancestry and connections under the manner 
of continuing names then adopted in Welsh families, 
it is now scarcely possible to collect particulars which 
can be relied upon as to his parents and his birth ; and 
only the barest facts of his travels and labours have been 
preserved. It is just possible to frame a biographical 
outline from collecting together in consecutive order 
the accounts which are given in well-known Journals, 
and in some few other notices which have been preserved ; 
but anything beyond these that would have made 
us acquainted with his individual character, his life 
and pursuits at his home, and his influence among his 
neighbours, is now lost to us. Even the usual Testimony 
after his decease is not preserved ; and the intention 
of the Meeting for Sufferings, as referred to later, to 
collect details of his labours and ministry appears to 
have been left incomplete. 

John ap John's residence was at Trevor, a hamlet 
in the extensive parish of Llangollen, much nearer to 
Ruabon than to Wrexham. Situated on the mountain 
side, the village commands a magnificent view of 
woodland and enclosures of cultivated land, over the 
Valley of the Dee, and large parts of Cheshire and Shrop- 
shire. The immediate locahty was then probably chiefly 
pasture ; now it is largely occupied with brick works and 




2 JOHN AP JOHN. 

colliery plant. The house which is supposed to have 
been his paternal home is known as " Plas Eva " or " Plas 
Evan," near to the Sun Inn, and close to the road from 
Llangollen to Ruabon. It has undergone many altera- 
tions, but parts of the old structure remain. Adjacent 
to it was a small field, an enclosed portion of which was 
called " the Quakers' Graveyard." But in excavating for 
the Chester canal, which passes by it, the earth was thrown 
upon the old graves and gravestones, and the appearance 
of the surface is changed. The little property remained 
in the occupation, and most probably in the possession 
of John ap John, until after the decease of his wife, and 
possibly it was only on his own removal from the place 
that it passed into other ownership. 

With the hope of ascertaining whether entries existed 
in the registers of the parish of Llangollen which could 
be identified as relating to his parents or their children, 
permission to examine the records was obtained by 
Alfred N. Palmer, of Wrexham, the most careful of all 
local historians. The result was not quite disappointing, 
but the entries are brief, and the name is common. 
There are entries of the baptism of " John ap John 
de Trevor Issa," and of " Maria, veh John ap John " ; 
another reads, "Anne, veh John ap John de Trevor, 
baptizata est secundo die . . .' 1632." It may be 
assumed that these entries relate to our friend, and to two 
sisters ; the abbreviated Welsh term veh implying verch 
or daughter, and the name of the father being the same 
as that of the son. It appears probable, therefore, that 
John ap John was bom between 1625 and 1630, at 
Trevor Issa. 

In Cheshire and Denbighshire and in the adjoining 
counties of Merionethshire and Montgomeryshire, the 
Puritan party had increased throughout the reign of King 
James I. In the early years of King Charles I., its 
leaders in Cheshire had formed a scheme for the purchase 
of Church property which had fallen into private hands, 
so that lecturers of Puritan belief might be provided, but 
it attracted the notice of Archbishop Laud and was by 
him arbitrarily suppressed. The party had many ad- 
herents in and around Wrexham. Its denominational 
■ The name of the month is illegible. , 



I 



» 



I 



EARLY YEARS. 

character was largely Presbyterian, but after a time it 
became more decidedly Independent. When the political 
strife of the time became definite, the Pariiamentary 
cause obtained strong support among these freeholders 
and gentry in this part of North Wales. The chief 
among them was Sir Thomas Myddleton, of Chirk, Major- 
General for the Parliament. There were several others 
of lesser note, but of considerable influence around 
Wrexham ; and among these were eight or nine who 
were Commissioners under the Act of 1649/50 for " the 
better Propagation and Preaching of the Gospel in 
Wales." 

Most probably the social influences at work among 
the residents around his home connected John ap John 
from childhood with the Independent society and inclined 
him to the Parliamentary party. He may have been sent 
for part of Kis education to school in Wrexham, and 
perhaps have come under religious feeling as a result of 
the preaching of Walter Cradock, who was, in 1635, the 
Curate of the parish church. Walter Cradock, who was 
regarded then as attached to Puritan doctrines, and who, 
after he had been required in consequence to withdraw 
from the curacy, remained in the neighbourhood, greatly 
influenced the spiritual life of Nonconformists around the 
town. 

It is quite probable that when, as George Fox inci- 
dentally records, John ap John " was at one time a 
Minister " at Beaumaris, his residence and position 
there may have been as chaplain with part of the Parlia- 
mentary army which, in 1646-48, after a period of siege, 
finally dispossessed the Royalists of the castle and town 
of Beaumaris, and subdued the whole island of Anglesey. 
The Parliamentary commanders were Sir Thomas 
Myddleton, Col. Myddleton, and Col. S. Thelwall, indicat- 
ing that the regiments were largely composed of men from 
the border counties. One or two others from Wrexham are 
known " to have served the Parhament at Bewmarres," 
It is a httle curious that, in the latter years of the 
Protectorate, the Governor of Beaumaris was Robert 
Owen, of Dolserau, near Dolgelly, who, with his wife, 
joined the Friends in 1660, and a few years afterwards 
emigrated to Pennsylvania. 



}OSN AP JOHN. 

Morgan Lloyd, whose parents lived at Cynfael 
near Dolgelly, where he was born about 1619, attributed 
the change in the current of his views, and his early 
religious experiences, to the influence of Walter Cradock, 
and it may be that the course of the early life of 
Morgan Lloyd was followed in measure by John ap 
John, with some degree of personal association and 
friendship. 

Morgan Lloyd desired to be a minister. After the 
commencement of the Civil War he was engaged for a 
time as chaplain to some part of the Parliamentary 
forces in England, and was with them at Gloucester 
and other places ; and the esteem which he then 
gained led to his appointment as minister at Wrexham. 

Morgan Lloyd must have returned to Wrexham 
about 1645 ; and when the change under the authority 
of Pariiament was made in so many parishes whereby a 
Presbyterian or an Independent minister took the place 
of a Church clergyman, he was appointed to take charge 
of the parish of Wrexham. He was an earnest and elo- 
quent preacher, and he published several religious works 
which were much approved by the Welsh generally. 
Some of his religious views nearly approached to the 
teaching of George Fox, and in a considerable degree 
inclined him towards the followers of George Fox. 
He objected to tithes and to the use of many current 
designations and phrases. He did not, however, associate 
himself with Friends, but remained a decided Indepen- 
dent, both as minister of Wrexham up to 1657, when he 
resigned his post, and as a member of the Independent 
congregation to the time of his decease at the age of forty, 
in 1659. Philip Henry was invited then to take the posi- 
tion of vicar ; and he was succeeded by Ambrose Mostyn, 
a Presbyterian, who filled the office until 1661, when 
the clergyman who had been removed at the beginning 
of the Parliamentary strife was restored to the bene- 
fice. 

The absence of information which surrounds the 
particulars of his birth extends also to the marriage of 
John ap John. It has been conjectured that his wife 
was Catherine, one of the daughters of John Trevor, of 
Trevor Hall and Valle Crucis Abbey. It has also been 



I 



MARRIAGE. 



stated that she was a daughter of Roger ap John,' of 

Ruabon. Whether any relationship existed between 

Roger ap John and John ap John it is not possible now 

to discover ; but in 1685 the name of Roger ap John 

appears as one of the representatives with John ap John 

to the Yearly Meeting for Wales, held at Garthgynvor. 

His marriage must have taken place about 1660, although 

I his religious labours and absences from home were con- 

I tinuous about those years. So far as is known, a daughter, 

("who was bom in 1665 and was named Phoebe, was the 

4}nly child. 



PACSimLE op SlGliATURE. 



The above signature is reproduced from a paper written by Jolui ap 
John, in which he refers to 1653, as the year in which his " understanding 
was opned." He adds, " In my Jvgment J have byn perawaeded vnto 
the Establishment & setelment thereof, &, as ocaaion served, both in 
Words & pracdises. J denied y paement of tithys, & becos of y, same 
Denialjicam to siffery' loss of corn, hay, lams, peegs,yievs [?ewes], kids, 

A mvch thretnings with pikyls and other waes " (D. Gibson 

Bequest MSS. ii, 33). 



■ tn Blome's Fanaiic/t History, 1660, p. loS, there is a charge against 
Friends in North Wales, about Wrexham, of extraordinary behaviour 
in their religious meetings: — "About October, 1653, certain Quakers 
came into North Wales about Wrexham to gain Proselytes at their meet 
ings ; after long silence, sometimes one, sometimes more felt into great 
and dread full shakings, with swelliaga in their bodies, sending out skreeldngs 
and bowlings," etc. Richard Hubberthome and James Nayler. in their 
reply to Blome, quote the following, " Answer ; tlus Charge is altogether 
false, and not a word of truth in it, as wc who live in Nortb-waJes, and 
have been constant at them meetings do testifie. 

■' John ap John. 

"Roger ap John. 



i 






i. " Tt^t ^ournat of <Bcorgc ifbjc." 

John ap John is first mentioned by George Fox, 
in the following weU known passage, which suggests 
so many points in which precise details would be full 
of interest : — ' 

While Friends abode in the northern parts, a priest o£ Wrexham in 
Wales whose name was Morgan Floyd, having heard reports concerning 
us, sent two of his congregation into the North to inquire concerning us, 
to try us ; and bring him an account of us. But when those Triers came 
down amongst us, the power of the Lord overcame them, and they were 
both convinced of the Truth. So they stayed some time with us and then 
returned to Wales, where, afterwards, one of them departed from his 
ccmvincement ; but the other, whose name was John ap John, abode ia 
the trnth and received a part in the ministry, in which he continued 
faithful. 

The following beautifully expressed reminiscences 
of this important epoch give valuable details of the visit 
to George Fox : — 

The 21 day of the 5 month, 1673. This tim 20 
years Agooe was y= tim that J John Ap John was At 
Swart Moore with Gorge JToox, in Lankashire. 

Y» was y» jTvrst tim y' J soa Go jfox. Now in this 
20 years i have Reseved mvche & don bvt lityl ; & it 
was thee, O Lord, yt was my hvphwldar all this 20 years. 





kt 




1„ ._ , , 



'-'V' 



■feu* 



IHlHMMHiifi. 



VISIT TO SWARTHMORE. 7 

J never Lost y* JTeeling of thy powar since then in swart 
more J Reseved it & jfelt it ; & i blive i nevr shall lose 
it if i waet for it & fear thee, & if thy JTeare be bebiff or my 
Ei. This jTeare will keepe me |rrom ofending agenst 
thee, y= god of my liff. 

Y= 9 of y" 6 Month, 1673, were thes thing? seriosly 
Considred & pondred vpon, how y» lord hath byn Deling 
with me & many more this 20 years, & vpwardes. 

my Evning 

meditasions 

afior Soonn 
seting 

John ap John and his companion may have also 
met, at the same time, with John Camm, John Audland, 
Thomas Holme, and others, who soon afterwards came 
down to the West of England, most earnest and persistent 
in their exertions to disseminate their views of the Truth, 
That John ap John should have been one of the visitors 
to the north indicates the confidence reposed in him by 
Morgan Lloyd, and the regard in which he was held by 
the congregation at Wrexham. No account is preserved 
of the reception of their reports on their return, or of 
their immediate separation from the Independent Church 
membership. At a subsequent period, Morgan Lloyd 
remonstrated with Richard Baxter upon some of his 
controversial writings with regard to Friends. There 
are no acrimonious passages in Morgan Lloyd's writings, 
nor are there any notices of personal intercourse with 
John ap John or other Friends. 

In 1657, George Fox, after travelling through the 
West of England, came to Bristol, whence he " passed 
into Wales." He does not mention a companion until, 
at Brecknock, " where we set up our Horses at an 
Inn," there went with him Thomas Holme (who in 1656 
had been imprisoned with others at Chester), and John 
ap John, " who was moved of the Lord to speak in the 
streets." Then followed considerable excitement and 
a great tumult, and, on the next day, a large meeting, 
where, amongst others, was present Walter Jenkins, from 
Pontypool, who, with Peter Price, of Radnorshire (both 
Justices at that time), had been present at the meeting 



I 



8 JOHN AP JOHN. 

at Whetstone, in Leicestershire, in 1655, at which the 
wife and the marshal of Colonel Hacker were convinced. 
They went to Pontymoile {an adjacent hamlet), where was 
held a large meeting, and came forward to Shrewsbury, 
where they had a great meeting, visiting Friends all over 
the counties in their Meetings until they reached William 
Gandy's, in Cheshire. Then, apparently, George Fox 
and his party returned through Montgomeryshire into 
Radnorshire, where, at a large gathering, came John ap 
John, whom George Fox desired to go to the people, 
and, if " he had anything upon him," to speak to the 
people in Welsh, and thereby gather them. Afterwards 
George Fox addressed the gathering for almost three 
hours. George Fox then went to Leominster, where he 
had a remarkable discussion with Independent and 
other ministers, many hundreds of people being gathered ; 
and he afterwards travelled on into Wales. At Tenby, 
a Justice invited him to his house, and on " First day " 
a meeting was held. John ap John was then with 
George Fox, and at the meeting, but " left it and went 
to the steeple house; and the Governor cast him into 
prison." The next day, George Fox appealed to the 
Mayor, and had a sharp debate with the Governor, who 
at the close invited him to dine, and afterwards set his 
friend at liberty. They travelled further in Pembroke- 
shire, and at Haverfordwest they had a great meeting 
" where all was quiet." 

At a " great market town " in another county, they 
had difficulty in getting accommodation. John ap John 
" went and spoke through the Town," and after a while 
again did so, when excitement arose, and John ap John 
was immediately arrested. George Fox immediately 
remonstrated, and, in consequence, John ap John was 
brought down, "guarded with halberts," to be put out 
of the Town. At another " great Town," John ap John 
declared the truth through the streets, without opposi- 
tion arising; and, subsequently, as their journey con- 
tinued, John ap John preached in this manner at Dol- 
gelly, and at Carnarvon, and at Beaumaris. At this last 
place, " there being a garrison," John ap John was im- 
prisoned for a short time, and George Fox was threatened ; 
but after remonstrances from him, John ap John was set 




TRAVELS WITH GEORGE FOX. 9 

at liberty. Afterwards, George Fox remonstrated with 
some of the authorities, probably officers in the Parlia- 
mentary army. Their journey thence was attended 
with annoyances and difficulties ; at last they got to a 
place" within six miles of Wrexham, . . . where that day 
we met with many Friends." and the " Lord's everlasting 
power was over all." This place would probably be 
Ruabon, near to John ap John's house at Trevor, and 
to Catherine Davies's, at Rhuddallt, but there is no indica- 
tion of either. The next day they went into Wrexham, 
and afterwards George Fox went on to Chester. At 
Wrexham he met with many persons who were parishion- 
ers of Morgan Lloyd, but found most of them very 
unsympathetic ; and no reference is made to any former 
association with John ap John, or to the occurrences 
in 1653. 

In these travels in South Wales there seems to have been 
less desire on the part of the magistrates to imprison vin- 
dictively, than to imprison and send away for the purpose 
of preserving the peace. It may be that John ap John 
had been known to some when connected with the 
Independents. 

George Fox again, in 1668, visited South Wales. 
He was at Richard Hanbury's, atPontypooI, and, accom- 
panied by him part of the way, went over the hills to 
Swansea, and returned to Cardiff and Newport, where 
they met several Friends. At Shipton, supposed to 
be intended for Chepstow, John ap John being with him. 
they anticipated some detention by the military, but 
they walked down the hill into the town, leading their 
horses, and, it being market-day, they " met several 
Friends," who wished them to remain, but they de- 
clined to stay there, and went on into the Forest of 
Dean. No mention is made of the return homeward of 
John ap John ; George Fox does not mention the name 
of any companion in his journey through Somerset- 
shire and the southern counties up to Kent, engaged 
in settling Monthly Meetings in each county. It 
is scarcely likely that John ap John went far witli 
him. 

There is no subsequent mention of John ap John 
in The Journal of George Fax. 



JOHN AP JOHN. 



made ai 
: to John| 
'ent to ai 
)ran, and! 



fi. "Z^t (^rifinge of ^ogn f§wn^<ti." 

John Burnyeat, returning from America in 1667, 
landed at Milford Haven. He at that time visited the 
Meetings in South Wales, returning to them in 1668, and 
also in 1669, when he passed on into North Wales, and 
to Shrewsbury and Cheshire. After his second visit 
to America, he came from London to Shrewsbury, and on 
as far as Wrexham, " visiting the Churches of Christ." 
From Wrexham, he took with him John ap John, 
who accompanied him towards South Wales and through 
Merionethshire into Pembrokeshire ; then, returning, 
they came into Monmouthshire, where they parted, he 
going forward to Bristol and John ap John returning 
home — apparently in 1675. John Burnyeat made 
similar journey in 1676, coming from Cheshire ( 
ap John's home near to Wrexham, They went 
Quarterly Meeting at Charles Lloyd's at Dolobran, 
thence through Merionethshire down to Pembrokeshire and ' 
into Monmouthshire. John went with his friend to the 
Ferry, stayed to see him take boat, probably to cross the 
Severn into Gloucestershire, and then returned. In 
passing through Montgomeryshire they held a meeting 
at Machynlleth ; but John Burnyeat does not remark 
further upon it. In Besse's Sufferings, however, and 
in Richard Davies's Journal, particulars are given of 
the seizure of the horses, with their saddles and bridles, 
of John Burnyeat and Thomas Ellis, under a warrant 
from Justice Pugh, of Mathafarn, by a bailiff and con* 
stable upon the action of an informer, who had tem- 
porarily and without any warrant seized all the horses 
of Friends who were present at a meeting at Machynlleth. 
John Burnyeat's horse died very soon after seizure, and 
Thomas Ellis's whilst in the care of the informer, " who ■ 
also suffered great loss by distemper among his cattle." 
Thomas Ellis immediately secured the intervention of 
Richard Davies, of Welshpool, twenty-two miles distant, 
who hastened to lay the case before Lord Powis. " who 
was very sorry." It was arranged that Richard Davies 
should try to secure the helpof a " friendly, neighbouring 
Justice " to expostulate with Pugh. He was willing to 



IMPRISONMENT AT SWANSEA. ii 

do so ; and the threatened fines were, in consequence, 
stopped. 

iii. Cgie0e«'« " ^uffsringe of t^t Quaftcro." 

From the above accounts there is no indication that 
John ap John had previously visited South Wales as a 
Quaker Minister, or that there was a disposition to treat 
him harshly for engaging in discussions likely to cause 
disturbances. Yet Besse's Sufferings supplies other 
information : — ■• 

The earliest lostance o( this People's Suffering in Wales is that of 
John Ap John, who, being in the Steeple House at Swanzey, after the 
Preacher was ended asked him, " whether he was a Minister of Christ ? " 
This question gave great Offence not only to the Priest but also to another 
then present who discovered his Wrath by instantly seizing John by the 
Collar and delivering him to a Constable who confined bim that night in 
a close dark Prison. Next day he was brought before the Magistrates, 
whom the Priests laboured to incense against him, requiring in their fierce 
teal, " to have him whipped that the Devil might come out of him," and 
as often as he attempted to speak, one or other would strike him and 
stop his mouth with their hands. At length he was sent to prison by the 
following Mittimus : — 

To the Keeper of the Common Goal for the County of Glamorgan, or 
his Deputy at Cardiff. 

Whereas it hath been proved by Oath before me that John Ap John 
of Denbighshire hath misbehaved himself contrary to the Laws, and Security 
being therefore by me required for bis personal appearance at the next 
Great Sessions hath obstinately refused the same. These are therefore, 
in the name of his Highness the Lord Protector, to charge and require you 
forthwith to receive into yout Custody the body of the said John Ap John, 
and him safely in your Goal to keep and retain until he shall give good 
Security for his appearance at the first Great Sessions, and in the meantime 
to be of good Behaviour towards his Highness and all good People of this 
Nation. And hereof fail not, as you will answer the Contrary at your 
Peru. 

Dated at Swonieyunder my Hand and Seal the 8th day of October, 

ROBBRT DAWKINS. 

Besse remarks, " This Mittimus expresses no particular 
cause for the imprisonment, but palliates an unjust pro- 
ceeding under colour of a general charge of misbehaviour, 
though the matter of fact was in no wise criminal, nor 
liable to the penalty of any law." The necessity on the 

■t Vol r p. 73S, also pp. 736, 737. 741. ?45- 



JOHN AP JOHN. 

part of the authorities to preserve the peace, after alt 
the difficulties which the Parharaentary party had 
overcome in South Wales, cannot however be disregarded. 
Besse mentions John ap John in 1655, and subse- 
quently as " of near Wrexham," and in 1661 refers to 
ten Friends " met in their own hired house at Wrexham." 
In 1668, two residents in Wrexham were presented 
at the General Sessions at Ruthin " for being present at 
Conventicles," and others, from the neighbourhood of 
Ruabon, were presented at the preceding Sessions as 
" Quakers." Among these were John ap John of Trevor, 
Catherine Edwards of Trevor, Roger ap Shone of Pen-y- 
clawdd, and Thomas ap Pugh of Chirk. Later on, in 
1670, an information was laid against various persons 
" present at a seditious Conventicle held on the 12th of 
June " at the house of John ap John of Trevor. They 
were fined in all, ;f20 15s., of which two-thirds was paid 
to the informer, who was a Justice of the Peace and a not 
distant neighbour, John Robinson, of Gwersyllt. 

Again, in 1658 (but clearly there is some confusion 
in the dates, if there be not in the narratives), 

John Ap John, for preaching to the People in the town o£ Swanzey. 
was severai times turned out of that Town by order of tlie Magistrates. 
At lengtli, for his public oppositioa to Evajl Griffin, one of their Priests, 
he was haled out of the Steeple House by the hair of his head by one 
Roberts, a preacher, and being brought before a Justice was struck by 
Morris Bedwell, Priest of Swanzey, and afterward by the said Justice was 
committed to Goal, where he lay twenty weeks, and then was discharged 
without any legal triaL 

In the same year, John ap John was taken from 
a meeting at Cardiff, by command of Henry Griffith, 

commonly called Captain Griffith, and brought before 
him ; but he, having no power to imprison, sent some 
soldiers with him to one of the bailiffs of the town, 
who, being unwilhng to meddle in the affair, absented 
himself. The soldiers then applied to the other bailiff, 
who was not forward to act therein. Nevertheless, 
through much importunity of the priests, the said 
bailiffs were persuaded, the next day, to send John ap 
John to prison, together with Francis Gawler, John 
Mayo, and Toby Hodge, who had been at the same meeting. 
They were continued a few days in prison, and then 



SPEAKING IN CHURCHES. 



ne 



released without being brought to any trial. Francis 
Gawler relates,* without date, but of these years, " Again 
John ap John was by the Constables of Swanzey turned 
forth several times, and still returned, bearing Wit- 
nesse against them." 

The practice of speaking in churches and in public 

tlaces after the authorised preacher had concluded 
'as an admitted custom, if not allowed by the law, during 

;he period from 1648 to 1660. But how often it roused 
fierce resentment and led to sad imprisonments and 
harsh usage the records of the Society abundantly testify. 
Many churches were occupied by Presbyterian and 
Independent ministers, and the Common Prayer and a 
Liturgy were not then used. The Directory for Public 
Worship, prefaced by the Assembly of Divines convened 
by Parliament, contained general directions regarding 
public prayer and worship. The Parliament, in 1645, 
enacted that all ministers should read it to their con- 
gregations, and should cease to use the Book of Common 
Prayer, under penalties. Then probably the churches 
were used more freely for meetings or disputations ; and 
often there was no expressed objection, if not actual 
permission, to the preaching not only of Quakers but of 
Baptists and Independents. But this practice very much 
, ceased after 1660. 

I to. " ZU ^outnai of CF-tc6ar& ©amee.'* 
The biographical account of " that ancient Servant 
the Lord," Richard Davies, of Cioddiau Cochion, near 
elshpool, has been printed several times. The parti- 
culars which it gives of the Friends in Montgomeryshire 
and North Wales cannot well be condensed, but the 
references in it to circumstances connected with John 
ap John must be noticed. Richard Davies was bom 
at Welshpool in 1635. His parents were members of the 
Church of England ; but he, becoming religiously inclined, 
attached himself to the Independents under Vavasor 
Powell, and was diligent with his associates in searching 
^ la A Record of Some Persecutions . . . Saulh WaUs, 1659. 




14 



JOHN AP JOHN. 



and reading the Scriptures. About 1650 he was apprei 
ticed to an Independent, a felt maker, in Llanfair. In 
1656 he had heard of the Quakers ; and in the next year 
there came to his master's house " a poor Man in a mean 
habit," Morgan Evan, of South Wales, who had met 
with Quakers and was convinced of the Truth. Richard 
Davies took his Bible to dispute with hira, and accom- 
panied him some distance on his way, when the coi 
versation led Richard Davies to pray that he migl 
build on the same rock ; and, after a second visit from tF 
same poor man, he became convinced, and known as 
Quaker, Then followed a period of much trial and 
disquietude with his friends and his parents, and on one 
occasion, on going with his father to church, he spoke 
" but a little while " to the congregation, and was placed 
for a day in prison. Shortly afterwards, hearing that 
there were Quakers in Shrewsbury, eighteen miles off. he 
obtained leave to go so far at the time called Christmas 
in 1657. He was very kindly received at the house 
of John Millington, " where many Friends resorted," and 
was also on the first day of the week at the meeting at 
William Paine's at the Wyle Cop, which was a very 
impressive occasion to him. Information was given that 
John ap John was come to the town, and was to have 
a meeting there. He stayed that meeting, and there 
heard the first Friend that was called a Quaker preach in 
a meeting ; " and when I heard him, I thought he spoke 
as one having authority and not as the Scribes ; his 
words were so sound and piercing." In 1658 Richard 
Davies went to London, where he earned the appreciation 
of Friends, and in 1659 he married there, and soon after- 
wards returned to Welshpool. 

On the restoration of King Charles II. in 1660, great 
pohtical changes occurred ; the justices and ministers 
of the Protectorate were displaced, and other justices 
and the clergy came again into office. Many of Crom- 
well's officers were imprisoned ; and many persons 
attached themselves to Friends. Among these latter were 
Charles Lloyd, of Dolobran, who had been a Justice ; 
Edward Evans, of Welshpool, who was convinced in 
Pool Gaol by some remarks of Vavasor Powell, th< 
a fellow prisoner from some political cause ; O' 



>ni^^ 

i 




TRAVELS WITH RICHARD DAVIES. 



15 



5, of Tyddyn-y-Gareg,' a .former Justice, who had 
convinced by Thomas Briggs ; Robert Owen, 
bf Dolserau, near Dolgelly, also a Justice ; Owen Hum- 
phrey, of Llwyngwril, and iiis father and brothers; 
nd, shortly after, Thomas Lloyd, who, with many more, 
f-Vfere "gathered to the Lord," " continuing faithful, and 
' keeping meetings at their houses." A Meeting was 
settled at Penllyn, near Bala, and there were many 
convincements among the Independents around Mach- 
yn leth. At Welshpool, Thomas Ellis,' an Independent 
deacon, and known to Vavasor Powell, was convinced. He 
■j was afterwards the companion of John Burnyeat and 
■Richard Davies, and removed later to Pennsylvania. 
Ht In 1664, Richard Davies, although nominally a pris- 
Hbner, obtained leave to go to Shrewsbury ; he went thence 
^*through Worcestershire and Gloucestershire to Bristol, 
and then through South Wales homeward. At Cardigan 
he found Thomas Ellis was in prison with some other 

i Friends, and after exerting himself to obtain his release 
|hey continued holding meetings thereabout. In 1668 
there came to Cloddiau Cochion, near to Welshpool, 
fefhich had then become Richard Davies's home, John ap 
|ohn, and James Adamson,' a north country Friend. 
pThe magistrates of Welshpool broke up the meeting, 
fend took the principal Friends prisoners. John ap 
John continued with the party until Richard Davies, 
probably having made some arrangement with the 
officer, " told him he should be prisoner no longer. 
He staid a little while with us, and then went homewards." 
About the year 1669, " my Ancient, well-beloved, 
and dear companion, John ap John and I " (as Richard 

D avies records) took a journey to South Wales to visit 

Kf'riends in those parts. Richard Davies says : — 

^H We declared the word a! the Lord both in WeUh and English. My 

^K'Friend, John Ap John, was very snund and intelligible in the Welsh 

I language. He deserved the right hand of fellowship for he was my elder, 

and the iirst Friead that I heard declare ia a meeting in the Ejiglisll 

tongoe ; and though he was not perfect in that language yet he had the 

WgUG of the learned to Hucti who were spiritual. 

" There is an illustration of Tyddyn-y-Gaieg Meeting House in 
Sht Friend (Lond.), vol. 37 (1897), p. 199. 

' For Thomas Ellis and James Adamson, see F.P.T. 



i6 



JOHN AP JOHN. 



In Radnorshire they were joined by Roger Prichan 
of Almeley. who accompanied them into Monmouthshire ; 
and before they parted, they arranged to visit him and 
to hold meetings at his home. They visited CardiS, 
staying with John and EUzabeth Mayo, who had bees 
fellow sufferers with John ap John in former years, and 
went on to Swansea and into Pembrokeshire. Richard 
Davies remarks, " John ap John suffered great persecution 
at Cardiff, and in other parts of that country, before I was 
convinced. I suppose he might be prisoner there in 
1653 or 1654." There is no intimation that on this visit 
they met with opposition or ill-treatment. 

In 1675, there was severe persecution of Friends 
in Merionethshire, particularly around Penllyn and 
Bala, and Richard Davies and Charles Lloyd of Dolobran 
were concerned to visit some of them, and to intercede 
with some of the magistrates. " From thence," writes 
R. Davies, "we went to John ap John's, at Wrexham, 
and visited Friends there, and then came home to our 
families." In the following year, Thomas Lloyd, and 
others, were subjected to severe penalties for being present 
at a meeting at Cloddiau Cochion, and Charles Lloyd suf- 
fered heavy distraints in consequence. Lord Herbert was 
appealed to, and he interposed by discountenancing the 
informers and their endeavours to obtain penalties. 

Persecution on various grounds continued in South 
Wales. Dr. William Lloyd, who was nominated to the 
Bishopric of St. Asaph in 1681. evinced much kindly 
feeling, and desired to moderate the arbitrary or extreme 
legal proceedings which lead to excessive distraints or 
long imprisonments. Early in the next year, Richard 
Davies and Charles Lloyd went through Herefordshire 
and Worcestershire to London before the Yearly Meeting. 
With the assistance of William Penn and George White- 
head a statement of the imprisonments in Wales and in 
Bristol was prepared to be submitted to the Lord Chan- 
cellor. It was taken by a deputation of three Friends 
from London, and three from Wales, the latter being 
Richard Davies, Charles Lloyd, and Thomas Wynne, of 
Caerwys, The Lord Chancellor intimated that Richard 
Davies might tell Bishop Lloyd " that there would be 
Liberty of Conscience in England " ; and to this Richard 



LETTER FROM GEORGE FOX. 



17 



I 



I 



Davies replied " that he did believe it would be so in 
God's time." The Chancellor certainly did not anticipate 
the course of approaching events, which sent him into 
exile and removed the King from the throne, and resulted 
in securing this greatly desired liberty. 

Information of the imprisonment of Friends at 
Denbigh in that year was conveyed to George Fox. He 
wrote to them an epistle of sympathy and encouragement, 
concluding with following words: — 

Christ is the same to-day as he was yesterday, a rock and lounda- 
tion for your age and generation to build upon. I have writtea COQ- 
ceniing you (since I heard your letter) to Friends in Cheshire to visit you, 
understanding that you belong to their Quarterly Meeting, and therefore 
1 desire some Friends of your County to go and lay your sufiering condition 
before their Monthly or Quarterly Meeting, I have written likewise to 
Richard Davies that some of that side may visit you and see how your 
condition is. My love is to you in the Lord in whom alone is your support. 

G. F. 
London the 3;th of the 1 ith month, 16S2. 

It would be interesting to know the circumstances, 
and the result of this appeal. 

Still imprisonments continued. Richard Davies 
mentions that in 168S he interceded with Bishop Lloyd 
on behalf of a prisoner of the same name as himself, 
Richard Davies, from near Ruabon in Denbighshire, 
and who, some Httle time after, was discharged after a 
consideration of his case by the Bishop's Chancellor, 
Dr. Wynne. The place of residence of this Richard 
Davies was Rhuddailt Isaf, in the parish of Ruabon, a 
hamlet which at one time contained several small freehold 
properties, but which has entirely disappeared by the 
gradual removal of the houses and the enclosure of the 
sites within the park at Wynnstay, until the name and 
locality are now nearly forgotten. It is distant about 
six miles from Trevor, the home of John ap John. The 
owner of one of the properties was Edward ap Randal, 
descended from the Welsh family of Yale. Catherine, 
one of his four daughters, became the wife of David ap 
Edward, of Trevor. Afterwards (perhaps after the 
decease of her husband) she was known as Catherine 
Edwards. She became the purchaser of the interests 
of her sisters in their father's small property, and devised 



I 



l8 



JOHN AP JOHN. 



it to her only son, Richard, who modified his name to 
Davies. Her husband may have been a relative of 
John ap John, but certainly both husband and wife were 
among the earliest associates of John ap John in his 
altered religious views. A Meeting was early settled at 
Rhuddallt ; which was continued for several years through 
the lifetime of Richard Davies, and of his sons, Edward 
Davies and John Davies. About 1724, when changes 
and reverses had occurred, the Meeting merged into 
one at Cefn Bychan, in an adjoining township. A 
Meeting House, built here prior to 1700, can still be 
identified, although now altered into a dwelling house. 
About 1745 it passed into the possession of the Bap- 
tists. 

In 1708, Friends at Wrexham desired to acquire 
premises of their own; and John James and Hannah 
Newton, both of Wrexham, and Richard Davies, of 
Rhuddallt, purchased two recently erected cottages with 
the gardens belonging to the same. The Meetings at and 
around Wrexham were associated with Cheshire, and 
contributions towards fitting up these premises were sent 
from Frandley, Morley, and Nantwich, where then 
existed the principal Meetings in the county. 

Richard Davies, of Cloddiau Cochion, does not 
mention John ap John after the year of the meeting at 
Haverfordwest, Yet in the years 1690 to 1700 the 
former does not appear to have been absent long from 
hi^ home ; and it may be assumed that he was travelling 
about not far from it. In 1702 he went to London with 
his daughter, Tace Endon, and in 1704 with his 
grandson, David Endon. In 1705 his wife, Tace, died — 
" a woman very serviceable to Truth and Friends." In 
1706 he was at the Yearly Meeting at Llanidloes and then 
went to London. In 1707, his last absence from home, 
he attended the burial of an ancient Friend, Anne Thomas, 
at Shrewsbury. His active life ended, after a short illness, 
on 2znd of First Month, 1707/8 ; and on the zgth the inter- 
ment took place in the little graveyard at Cloddiau 
Cochion. " where was held a solemn Meeting, and several 
Testimonies were borne in the power and life of Truth." 
Short notices of Richard Davies were written by George 
Whitehead, by Rowland Owen of Dolgelly, and byfl 



AN APPRENTICESHIP FUND. 



19 



' ' Friends and Brethren " of the Quarterly Meeting of Shrop- 
shire and Montgomeryshire. His decease caused a vacancy 
in the district which no member in it was able to fill. 
After a few years, Cloddiau Cochion became desolate 
by the removal of his children, and passed into the hands 
of strangers. His house was largely rebuilt many 
years ago, and still looks down a beautiful but very 
secluded valley. The lines of walling enclosing the 
Burial Ground are quite apparent, but they give no other 
separation from the large meadow around. A Wesleyan 
chapel not far off gives evidence of the religious life still 
pervading the sequestered locality. 



V, ZU QUinutee of ($c Ouatterfg Qncefing 
for QTlcnonet^e^irc, etc. 

In the Minute Book of the Quarterly Meeting for 
Merionethshire, Montgomeryshire, and Shropshire, com- 
menced under the care of Charles Lloyd, Richard Davies, 
Thomas Lloyd, Richard Moore, and others, at Dolobran 
in 1668, there is only one mention of John ap John. 

Richard Moore, of Shrewsbury, who had accompanied 
George Fox and Richard Davies on parts of their visits 
to Wales, and who was a valued Minister, died after a 
short illness in London in 1668. " It was a great grief 
to many honest Friends that so many Friends in the 
ministry should be taken away in the City." He left a 
son, Mordecai Moore, whom the Quarterly Meeting in 
1674 was desirous to care for, and they proposed " to set 
him out as an Apprentice to a Chirurgeon Barber as being 
a particular calling that the lad's genius inclined him to, 
and if a provision be made not only for his present sub- 
sistence but for the binding of him." Charles Lloyd 
and Thomas Lloyd were requested " to write to particular 
Surgeon friends " on his behalf. A subscription was 
made for his assistance, and he was sent on from Shrews- 
bury to John ap John to be helped forward to Thomas 
Wynne, of Caerwys in Flintshire, to whom he was after- 
wards bound for seven years. Thomas Lloyd emigrated to 
Pennsylvania in 1682, and Thomas Wynne accompanied 



JOHN AP JOHN. 

him or followed in the same year. Very probably 
Mordecai Moore accompanied one or other of them, 
as he left England, settled at South River in Maryland, 
and subsequently married Deborah, a daughter of Thomas 
Lloyd. In 1687, " in grateful remembrance of Friends' 
kindness to him when young," he forwarded to the Quar- 
terly Meeting a sum of money towards the cost he had 
occasioned ; and he maintained some correspondence 
with Friends in Shrewsbury, as opportunity offered. 



vl " Z^t 3[oumaf of Jo^n Sratton." 

John Gratton, of Monyash, in Derbyshire, gives 
an account in his Journal, of an occurrence which took 
place in 1684. Since 1680, he had been in the custody 
of the keeper or officer of the gaol at Derby, but the officer 
had given him permission to leave Derby at intervals. 
He records^: — 

Having obtained leave to go home for some time to see my Wif« 
and Family, it fell out that Robert Meller, of Whitehough in Staftordshire 
died, who had been an hanest Friend in his day, and a noble Standard 
in Suffering Times ; his wife was also a sincere hearted woman, and 
his son John a very honest Friend They hearing of my being at home sent 
and invited me to come to his Burial, and though I was sorry for the Loss 
of so faithful a Friend yet was I desirous to go to his Burial thinking there 
would be many People, for he was beloved both by Rich and Poor, and 
of good Report amongst Men of all sorts. But I being a Prisoner was 
cnreful the Gaoler might not be blamed nor turned out of his Place on 
my account, for both he and his Wife and Children loved me well and 
were very kind to me ; upon which 1 waited upon the Lord desiring to 
know His mind whether I should go or no. Then I felt 1 might go. 

He went to the Graveyard, where were " three 
Pubhc Friends besides, viz., W. F., J.H., and J. J." They 
all spoke ; and ultimately informations were laid against 
them. The magistrates imposed lines of ;£20 each, 

and Thomas Hammersley, the Friend of the House, for the grave yard 
twenty pounds ; in all one hundred pounds, besides other Friends five 
Shillings apiece for Hearers. Yet these then Informers got nothing 
of that hundred pounds, for Friends went to the Magistrates and they 
moderated it. . . The deceased Friend was a rich man, and so were 
his Relations in that Connty and in Derbyshire. 

• Journal of the Life of John Gratton, pp. 95, 105, 109. 



BURIAL OF ROBERT MELLOR. 



Endeavours were made to enforce the penalties, "but 
the Hearts of divers People rose against " the informers. 
There were attempts to disturb both the gaoler and 
John Gratton, but these were overruled. Some of the 
magistrates, one of whom was Sir Wilham Boothby, at 
last declined. One of the three Friends indicated by 
initials is mentioned in the margin, as William Fallow- 
field. The other two are not named. One may have 
been Joseph Holt, of Oakham, and the other, John ap 
John. This is, however, entirely surmise. The burial 
of Robert MeUor took place on the 19th of Seventh 
Month, 1684; and his widow, Elizabeth Mellor, died at 
Whitehough on the 26th of Ninth Month, 1695. 

John Gratton had previously visited Cheshire, and 
he subsequently did so on two occasions. In 1691 he 
was at Hawarden and at Wrexham, " and so to Richard 
Davies' House near Welshpool ; " and " at Charles 
Lloyd's at Dolobran " ; and afterwards at " Pontymoile 
and The Pant near Raglan, in Monmouthshire . . . 
and other places whose names I do not remember now." 
In 1695 he went again to Shrewsbury and on to the 
Yearly Meeting at Pontymoile ; and after to the Pant 
and so over the Passage into Gloucestershire. On neither 
occasion does he mention the residence of John ap John, 
to whom, it might be thought, he would be desirous to 
make a visit. 

In 1687. Benjamin Bangs, who had settled in Cheshire, 
residing at Crowton and afterwards at Stockport, and 
his wife, travelled through Leicestershire and Notting- 
hamshire, to Robert Mellor's at the Whitehough in 
Staffordshire, where they stayed a night. In the morning 
they passed on to Leek, and so to Macclesfield, and 
thence home. 



vii. BdUv9 of Zhmae Jgo^mc. 

Thomas Holme and Elizabeth Holme, his wife, very 
frequently corresponded with George Fox and Margaret 
Fox, reporting their labours, and receiving in return 
sympathetic advice and general direction. 



22 



JOHN AP JOHN. 



The following letter from Thomas Holme is probably 
addressed to George Fox': — 

dear brother. 

niy loue id the head is remembred to thee. & my obedence ft sub- 
iectioo to thee in my head is the same as euet was, god is my witoes. 

this is to let thee know of my Jonmey & sarvea in Wals. J came out 
of Chesher About ; weekes agoe, & J staid to &rst dayea in raduersher in 
the mountans where J had diveres meetings wher many ar Convinced of 
the truth, of that peopiell caled babtis : many of ther Churches ar broken 
in peeses. Ther is A great convincement in that part, but the most or 
welsh & sume canot vnderstand Englesh. Ther ar 3 who hath the welali 
toung, which ar servasable & labores A mang them., which 3 frinds came 
out of the north of wals ; ther is on who is A Justes of peace Coavinced, 
& ia prety faithfull ft servaseble in his place. J was s nights in his house, 
& had A great meeting at his hous ; hee dwells in the mountenes id 
Mvngoraerishir. As J pased thorw, J was moued to goe into A caatell. 
& spoke the word of the lord in much Cleames & bouldnes among the 
aonlders & it was receved by some. 

Aitei J had been to first dayes in radnersher, J pased into mvnmvth- 
shir to A town caled Abergine wher I got A meeting that euening in the in 
wher J looged ; & the next day, being the market day. J w 
speaks in the market. J drew the peopell i 
spoke A prety time to them. It cast A sund thoraw the t< 
for not any frind had spoken ther befor. 

The next day, J met with my wife & Alas birket, 1 

c J haue been in thes parts, wher the lord is 

luthshir & chemorgenshir wher wee labor vp & 

e my wife ft Alaa birket 

s convinced in that county. 

The last first day J had A meeting 4 miles from Chipstow, & on the 
seconday J had on in Chepstow & auouthcc on the third day ft tllis day 
being the 4 day J had A meeting 6 mils beyond Cardife at the seea sid, 
wher ther is A prety peopell. Tomorow J pass to A geaerall meeting ia 
nvport At A Justes house ; soe that dayly wee labor vp & doun in thy 
sarves to hom my obedence is. 

Soe with thee J rist, diairiug thee to remember vs thy sarvaats, A 
if any thing thou would with vs. writ to vs, & sure wee shall be obedent ; 
ft what have been Amees in vs. send it into A land of for getfuUnes, wher 
it may neuer be remembered. 

Soe J rist thy sarvant. who thee doc prese ft valvy & honor more 



the[y] had A meeting ; 
gathering A peopell in n 
doun in the work, a% sarves of the lord. At this 
I mvnmuthshir ; to Justes of the peas ii 



moued to 
. place, it 
& county. 



t A place wher 



'^^^-' f/oCt^ 



my wife loue is dear to thee. John ap Ji 
• From the original 




LETTERS FROM THOMAS HOLME. 



23 



It is probable there is a mistake in the year of the 
date of this letter"; but Besse, in mentioning the detention 
of Thomas Holme and John Brown at Caerwent in 1658, 
adds, "This Thomas Holme is said to have been the first 
preacher among the People called Quakers in Wales." 
Thomas Holme, his wife Elizabeth, Alice Birket, Francis 
Gawler, Edward Edwards, and others were continuously 
in South Wales up to 1660, and suffered many detentions 
or imprisonments, and much rough and brutal treatment, 
in connection with their ministrations there. 

There is also preserved among the Swarthmore 
MSS," another letter from Thomas Holme to George Fox 
which has a more direct reference to Denbighshire : — 

... It was vpon vs to glue freinda in wells [Wales] aviset ; and when 
wee pased out of Chesher, wee gote A meeting in Sintsher and anouther in 
denbysher at Katheren Edwards, which J. Jones is to haue. Then wee 
pased, being moued their to, into raungumerysheir, wheir wee visited the 
young freinds in prison at welsh powell. We gote ameeting ore two 
amonge them ; and they wear refreshed their by. They are A hopfull 
peopell. & valiant for truth. Then wee pased through radner & breck- 
nocke sheir. The UteU fue that was in brecknockesheir are in prison, 
About 6. Then wee pased to munmuthsheir. . . . 

Thomas Holmb. 

from swanzee in the County of glamorgan, the 1 1 day of the 4 month, 
1663. 

The mention in this letter of Catherine Edwards, 
no doubt of Trevor and Rhuddallt, is very interesting, and 
so also is the incidental statement, "which J. Jones is to 
have," which very possibly refers to John ap John. The 
name would easily assume the English variation of Jones 
to a person to whom Welsh was entirely unfamiliar ; as 
it afterwards did upon the engagement or the marriage 
of his daughter, who is mentioned in the register as 
Phcebe Jones, 

In 1659, Francis Gawler, of Cardiff, published A 
Record of some Persecutions . . , in South H'a/es, 
which relates chiefly to the cruelties befalling Elizabeth 
Holme, her companion Alice Birket, and the writer, at 
Swansea, at Shirenewton, at Newport, and afterwards 

'° This letter was not dated, as to the year, by the writer, but" 1654" 
is inserted in the handwriting of George Box. He may have mistaken 
the year, as he did occasionally in other documents dated by him. 

" D. (Swarthmore MSS. iv. 245.) 




J 



24 JOHN AP JOHN. 

at Haverfordwest. The pages of this Record afford addi- 
tional evidence of the privations to which all the early 
preachers in South Wales were from time to time sub- 
jected. 

The decease of Thomas Holme occurred in South 
Wales in 1665. His widow, Elizabeth Holme, removed 
to Kendal, and survived him many years." 



" For Elizabeth Holme, see F.P.T. 



. ■*"• 




Cje ®«cttibanfe of ^o?** op 3«9»»« 



In 1689, the 8th of Third Month, the marriage of 
the daughter of John ap John, under the name of Phcebe 
Jones, with John Mellor, of the Whitehough in Stafford- 
shire, was solemnised at the house of Richard Davies, at 
Rhuddalt. The entry in the Staffordshire Register 
describes her as Phcebe Jones, daughter of John ap John. 
To English speaking persons the name ap John, or ap 
Shon, would almost naturally slide into Jones. 

The pages of the Registers bear the records of the 
close of these laborious lives. In 1694, on the gth of 
Eleventh Month, Catherine ap John, wife of John, died 
at Ruddulph (Rhuddallt), and on the 12th was interred 
at TrevouT (Trevor). Whether John and Catherine ap 
John had removed their residence from their old home 
at Trevor to the hamlet of Rhuddallt, or were there at the 
time as visitors only, must be left to conjecture ; but, 
most probably, soon after the decease of his wife, John 
ap John removed from Denbighshire to the home of his 
daughter at Whitehough. 

The Whitehough'3 is a Manor House, situated in the 
parish of Ipstones, and near to the town of Leek and the 
village of Basford, It is now a large farm house, and still 
bears the name of Whitehough ; but the present build- 
ing is small compared with the house once suitable for 
the owner of a considerable estate. It must have been a 
pleasant retreat for John ap John after the loss of his wife. 
His decease occurred on the i6th of Ninth Month, 
1697. No other particular is given in the Register, but 
further information is conveyed in the following state- 
's Pronounced Whilehuff. George Fox had a meeting there in 1663. 
He was there again in 1678, aad wrote thence his letter to Friends ia 
StaSordshire, of that year. 



[ 



^Bi 



JOHN AP JOHN. 



ment from Staffordshire in answer to Queries from the 
Meeting for Sufferings: — 



FROM STAFFORDSHIRE. 



169S. QUERIES i 
In Friends Sufferings ? 



a* Prisoners f 



3' Prisoners Released ? 



4'* Meeting-houses built ? 



J*'' Schools set up for y. 
education of Friends 
Children ? 



ANSWERS, 
a paper hereunto Annexed. 



thj 



Nolo 



Onely (our Antient Friend) John ap John, 
who died yt sixteenth of y ninth, 
1697, at y" house of his Soiic-in-law, 
]o° Miller of Whitehough, and buried 
at Basf ord. 



ind good IncDuragemi 



That there is no obituary notice in the records of the 
Meetings of either Robert Mellor, or of John ap John, 
cannot now be explained. It may be that both of them, 
from failing health, had been withdrawn from public 
service for some time, but this reason does not appear to 
be quite sufficient. There must have been some direct 
request adverse to it or else there would have been an ex- 
pression of the regard in which they must have been 
held, and of thankfulness for their devoted service in the 
cause of Truth, from one or other of the Quarterly Meet- 
ings within which they resided. 

In 1712, some years after the decease of John ap 
John, London Yearly Meeting," by Minute, requested 
" Friends of North and South Wales to collect together 

'* This school was continued for several years, until 1714 at least, 
the Monthly Meeting contributing a small annual grant tl ' 
Joeeph Davison. 

's London Y.M. Minutes, iv. 193, 360. 



th^n 



THE MELLOR FAMILY. 27 



such Memorials, Books, and manuscripts as they can find, 
relating to y services and sufferings of our Antient and 
Faithful Friend, John Ap John, and send them up to 
y<^ 2d days Morning Meeting." This Minute was con- 
tinued in 1713. It appears in the Minute Book of North 
Wales Quarterly Meeting, as ordered at the Meeting held 
at Shrewsbury on the 28th of Eighth Month, 1713, and 
it also had attention in Montgomeryshire, as evidenced by 
a Minute made at Dolobran in Twelfth Month, 1713, but 
there is no record of any reply to the request. 

John and Phcebe Mellor, at their home at White- 
hough, evidently were, as were their parents on both sides, 
interested in the work of Friends. John Mellor was 
frequently appointed a representative to the Quarterly 
Meeting, the last occasion being to that held at Stafford 
on the 14th of Fifth Month, 1715. His decease occurred at 
Whitehough, on the 3rd of First Month, 1717/18, at the 
age of 66. Phcebe Mellor died on the 22nd of Eighth 
Month, 1734, aged 69, at Leek where she then resided. 
The interments were at Basford. John Mellor bequeathed 
to Leek Meeting a Legacy of £20, " to be disposed of by 
Friends of that Monthly Meeting to the use of Poor 
Friends called Quakers." The Executors of the will 
■were his friend, Hugh Ford, of Leek, and his Wife, Phcebe 
Mellor. 

The children of John and Phcebe Mellor were : — 

Phoebe, born 1689, i:th of Twelfth Month. 

Elizabeth, bom 1691, 13th of Ninth Month. 

Katherine, born 1694, 2nd of Tenth Month. 

Robert, born 1697, 13th of Second Month. 

Hannah, born 1699, 27th of Twelfth Month. 

Robert Mellor succeeded his father in the occupa- 
tion of Whitehough. He married Elizabeth Reynolds, 
daughter of John and Sarah Reynolds, and died at 
Whitehough on the 20th of Eighth Month, 1737, without 
descendants. He for several years took part in Society 
business. 

Phcebe Mellor, Jun., married William Rollins, of Moss- 
leigh, in 1714. 

Elizabeth Mellor married John Alsop, Jun., of Inges- 
tre, on the 8th of Eighth Month, 1719, at Leek, and 
died at Horton Hall near Leek in 1726, without descen- 




i 



JOHN AP JOHN. 

dants. John AIsop devised his estate to his brother- 
in-law, John Hough, 

Catherine Mellor married John Hough, Jun., of 
Macclesfield, a relative of Thomas and Ellen Hough, of 
Sutton, in Cheshire. 

Hannah Meilor died in 1701, scarcely two years 
old. 

HortonHall is an Elizabethan house built by members 
of a family of the name of Edge. From this family it 
passed into the possession of the Alsop family, and after- 
wards, from the marriage of Elizabeth Hough (the 
daughter of John and Catherine Hough), and Henry 
Fowler of Stafford, it became the property of their 
descendants, who are now the only representatives of 
the Mellors, The Whitehough has also become their 
property. 

The family of Hollynes or Hollins had long been the 
owners of Mossley, or Mosslee, or Mossleigh, a large estate 
contiguous to Leek. Unlike the families of AIsop and of 
Hough, it had little connection with Friends. Phcebe 
Hollins, the only daughter and heiress of William Hollins 
and Phcebe Mellor, Jun., was bom "Oct', y' ffourth, in y 
aft", 1716," in the parish of Ipstones. She married, in 
1742, Sir Brooke Boothby of Ashbourne Hall, the fifth 
Baronet, and died the 5th May, 1788. " Their Son, Sir 
Brooke Boothby, the sixth Baronet, married Susannah, 
the daughter and heiress of Robert Bristowe ; and their 
only child was Penelope Boothby, who died, 1791, Oct. 6, 
to whose memory was dedicated the exquisite monument 
in Ashbourne Church," and whose pensive features are 
so well known in the engravings by S. Cousins after 1 " 
portrait of her by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 




i 



Jlbbmba. 



Z^t ^Mrfj (TlWfing for ^afee." 

In 1681, Richard Davies obtained the concurrence 
of London Yearly Meeting to the holding of a Yearly 
Meeting for Wales at a time to be settled at the Half-yearly 
Meeting to be held at Swansea. Richard Davies reported 
the decision to John ap John, as though he were largely 
interested in it. Thomas Ellis, who was present at 
Swansea, wrote in reply to Richard Davies with reference 
to it. He says, 

Although 1 was disappointed in my expectation □£ seeing thee hero 
at this half year's Meeting, yet thy letter to John ap John, coining so 
seasonably, did so answer for thee that it was both joy and refreshment 
to many of us. We had a full meeting of Friends from most parts of 
Wales ; many having come upon the account of the Yearly Meeting, 
which was concluded to be at Haverfordwest the second day of the 
week called Easter week for the following year [1682.] Here were 
E. Edwards. John ap John, W. Players, Francis Lea, Philip Leonard and 
Richard Walter, who had Testimonies ; and many other Friends besides 
from other remote parts, all zealous for the Yearly Meeting. We had 
meetings here the three last days. 

This Meeting was the first of a series of Yearly 
Meetings held annually in one or other of the towns in 
Central Wales and Shropshire, continuing for two or 
three days, down to the year 1797, and at one time 
large attended by Ministers and other Friends, It 
is difficult now to realise how numerous were the Minis- 
ters who, either pretty constantly, or at intervals, felt 

" This was the first of the series of annual meetings for worship and 
religious instruction, which circulated within certain districts of Great 
Britain, down to about the close of the eighteenth century. They were 
frequently denominated " Circular Yearly Meetings." They had no legis- 
lative powers. 

An historical survey of the Yearly Meeting for Wales, trom the pen of 
Frederick J. Gibbins of Neath, together with a complete list of the places 
where the meetings were held, may be found in The Friend (Lond.), 
vol. 10 (iS/o). 



i 



30 



JOHN AP JOHN. 




it to be their duty to give themselves up to visiting 
settled Meetings or to holding meetings in country towns 
and villages ; nor indeed to realise the fatigues, incon- 
veniences, and difficulties which were involved in these 
journeys, undertaken chiefly on horseback — and only 
in quite recent times in private vehicles. 

The Minute or Register Book " of the Yearly Meeting 
in Wales," still in existence, commences with records 
going back nearly to the Half- Yearly Meeting held 
1681 at Swansea. Its introduction is this : — - 

Here beginneth an account of the Yearly Meetings in Wales, and 
many as we could find of y Epistles thereto appertaining. 

Note. That y firet Yearly Meet' for Wales was kept at Dolgyn. 
at the house o£ Ellis Morris, near Dolgelly, in Merionethshire on y* 7* ol 
yi jM jjq jQ yt year 1683 — where there was a great and glorious Meeting 
attended with God's Heavenly power and presence. Aad Friends out of 
most Counties of Wales and divers Ministers of the Gospiel of Jesus Christ 
present, and divers worthy and precious ttslimonies given forth and 
dnclared for y* edification and comfort of y followers of the Lamb and 
true Believere in Jesus Christ. And then likewise true and serions con- 
siderations and care was taken of Friends' coaditjone and Safieriogs 
throughout the whole dominion of Wales, &c. And divers good Epistles 
written on the Meeting's behalf, one to the Yearly Meeting att London, 
and another to Friends att Pennsylvania, &c., &c. 

Note. A Meeting wae kept at Redstone'' in Pembrokeshire 00 y* 
jit of 2n>i Mo, 1683, wh. wa§ presumed to be an Yearly Meeting for Wales. 

It was laid before the Meeting concerning the good service of t 
lating some Friends' Books into Welsh : and upon coDsideration 
desired that Thomas Ellis take care to acquaint thereof the qnarti 
Meet* of North Wales. 

The Yearly Meeting in 1683 was directed to be heh 
at Dolgyn in Merionethshire, and in 1684 at Haverfon' 
west. 

At the latter, William Humphreys, of Llanegryn ii 
Merionethshire, undertook to record all Sufferings, etc; 
in Wales, in a book to be provided for that purpose, 
copy thereof to be sent to the Yearly Meeting in London 
and it was referred to the next Yearly Meeting to tak( 
care to satisfy Wilham Humphreys for his pains. 
Friends then present were chiefly from Pembrokeshin 
and Haverfordwest. 

In 1685, the Meeting was held at Garthgynvor, m 
Dolgelly, and representatives were present from all 

" Near Narberth, 



ing 

rds I 

of I 



YEARLY MEETING FOR WALES. 31 

the Welsh counties except Anglesey. Charles Lloyd 
and Richard Davies came from Montgomeryshire. Roger 
ap John, John ap John, and Richard Davies were there 
from Denbighshire. 

In 1688, two representatives were appointed to the 
Yearly Meeting in London. They were Richard Davies 
for North Wales and James Lewis for South Wales. 
Two years later the Meeting directed a payment of 40s. 
to be made to each of the representatives to London 
towards necessary expenses. Evidently the diificulty 
of obtaining one or more representatives from each 
county made itself felt, and the position was frequently 
taken by the same Friend. 

John ap John attended at the house of William 
Awberry, in Brecknockshire, in 1689, and at the house of 
Lewis Owen, at Garthgynvor, near Dolgelly, in 1692. 
In 1692/3, on the i8th of First Month, the Meeting was 
held at his own house at Coed Epionaidd in Denbigh- 
shire, with a large attendance of Denbighshire, Mont- 
gomeryshire, and Merionethshire Friends. 

In 1695, John ap John and Tryall Rider, from 
Denbighshire, attended the Meeting held at Tregaron 
in Radnorshire. The Meeting in 1697 was held at the 
house of Robert Evans, Mayor of LlanidJoes. On the 
Denbighshire business, Richard Davies and Tryall Ryder 
were desired to assist and encourage the midweek meet- 
ings at Rhuddallt and Wrexham. The Meeting was held 
on the 6th and 7th days of the Twelfth Month, and the 
decease of the venerable John ap John, took place on the 
i6th of the previous Ninth Month. No reference to this 
event, however, nor to the grounds for the assistance 
needed by the Meetings at Rhuddallt and Wrexham, 
appears in the record. 

At the Meeting held at Llanidloes in 1699, the decease 
of Charles Lloyd, the elder, of Dolobran, is mentioned as 
having occurred since the last Yearly Meeting, and 1 
directions given " that it should be recorded where it is 
meet," 

In 1703, the subject of the Burial Ground and Meeting 
House at Rhuddallt claimed attention. Richard Davies, 
of Rhuddallt, was interested in the land, and the Meeting 
House, apparently, was provided by John ap John. 




JOHN AP JOHN. 

" Our friend, William Fallowfield, is desired to speak to 
John Mellard about it, to settle the roome for a Burying 
place, and that if he sees any inconveniency in it he would 
be pleased to contribute about another place." 

In 1708, the decease of " Our Ancient Friend, Richard 
Davies, of Cloddiau Cochion, on y* zz"" of 1 Mo., 
1707/8," is briefly recorded. 



(PieUe of (JOtfftam C&mon66on ia ^(xhe. 

William Edmondson came from Ireland to Holyhead 
early in 1697 with Roger Roberts, George Rooke, and 
John Barcoft. After remaining two days and being 
met by David Jones, they went to Dolgelly, to the house 
of Lewis Owen, and then to Dolobran, to the house of 
Charles Lloyd, In company with several Friends, they 
attended the Yearly Meeting at Llanidloes, which lasted 
two days, " for the worship of God and Church affairs." 
Thence William Edmondson went into Radnorshire 
and Herefordshire, and returned home. In 1701, 1702, 
and 1703 he was in Cheshire and North Wales, but 
apparently on no occasion at Wrexham. 



(Pisife of Z^omM §(ot^ to (JDafee. 



4 



Thomas Story briefly notes in his Journal the places 
and the persons whom he visited in his several journeys. 
In 1693, in company with his much esteemed friend, 
Thomas Wilson, of Cumberland, who was " to me the 
most able and powerful minister of the word of Life in 
the age," he was at Worcester, and went on by Bewdley, 
Stourbridge, New Inn, and Newport, to Coppull and 
Chester. In i6g8, he went from London by Nantwich and 
Chester, to Aberconway, meeting " with a great shower 
of Snow, high wind, and loud thunder," of which the 
inconvenience was soon forgotten " on reaching Conway 
and joining Wm. Penn and John Everot." In 1717, after 
his return from his residence in Pennsylvania, he was 
again at Chester and went thence to the Yearly Meeting 
at Bristol.'' He travelled to Wrexham in company with i 



I 



A SETTLEMENT OF QUAKERS. 33 

Sarah Lloyd, the wife of Charles Lloyd, of Dolobran, and her 
son and daughter. He lodged with his friend, John 

James, who received him kindly. He had a meeting there, 
small for want of due notice, " and many things opened 
full and large and the People were much satisfied." 
They wenton to Dolobran, being twenty-four miles, the next 
day : and after a stay of three or (our days Charles Lloyd 
accompanied him to Montgomery and to Llanidloes. 
In several subsequent years Thomas Story was at Shrews- 
bury and at Chester on the occasion of the Yearly Meet- 
ings, and in 1735 again at Wrexham. "I had a small, 
open, and free meeting at Wrexham, and that evening 
went to Ruabon lodging at Jacob Littlemore's." 



I 



Z^i (panU 



The following interesting references to Quaker 
localities are taken from J. A. Bradney's History of 
Monmouthshire, 1894, 2 vols, folio : — 

The Pant means the hollow, and is the name given to a very ancient 
house remarkable for having been an early settlement of Quakers. Ac- 
cording to Wakeman,"' in the third of Elizabeth, Hugh jenldns was 
tenant of certain chauotry lands in this parish [Llanfihangel Ystexn 
Llewem], which, in the iz Car. I. {1636). were granted to two persons 
named Braddock and Kingscott, described as lands then late in the 
possession ot Hugh Jenkins, of which part had been given to find a light 
before the crucifiji, and part was parcel of the late College cbauntry 
or fraternity. 

Thomas Jenkins, Rector of the pariah, probably son of the above 
Hugh, died about 1649, leaving his son Walter his heir. This Walter 
Jenkins was a Quaker, and is doubtless the one of that name mentioned 
by George Fox'" as being at a meeting at Whetstone in Leicestershire 
with one Peter Price, both of whom were Justices of the Peace that 
came out of Wales, who came both to be ministers of Christ. 

In Besse'a Sufftri-ngs of People called Quakers, 1753, it is stated that 
Walter Jenkins and seventeen others were committed to Cardifi Gaol 
for refusing to swear, and on January the 3yst. 1660/61, be was arrested 
along with John Williams, Philip Williams and Charles Jenkins, was 
confined in an old Castle— perhaps Whitecastle — and conveyed to 
Monmouth. Walter's will was proved ist November, 1662, and he him- 
self was buried in the burial-ground he had made at the Pant. Hit 

'' Attliquarian Excursions in the Neighbourhood 0/ Mottmoulh, i860. 

" Colteclion of Episllei, Letters, etc. : by George Fox, 1698. [See 
also The Journal of George Fox, >. x^i, ii. Si.] 



34 



JOHN AP JOHN. 



only child and heiress married John Beadles, who was also a Quaker, bnt ' 
notwithstanding that, and somewhat contrary to the principles o( hia 
Beet, who aflectcd to scorn pride of ancestry, he entered his pedigree at 
tiie Herald's Visitation in 1683, claiming to be descended from Sit Capel 
Bedel. The herald, having a doubt as to the accuracy of this, qualifies 
the pedigree by a note. Elisha, the son of John Beadles," settled at 
Pontypool as an apothecary, and by this time the family had become so 
thorougUy Welsh, that he translated and published in 1715 in Welsh, 
a Quaker devotional book, which according to the title, had first of all 
been written in English by his grandfather, Walter Jenkins'' : — 

y Gyfraith a roddwyd altan Zion, Gwedi i hysbysn 1 Ddynion gan 
Walter Jenkins. A sgtifeniuyd y» gynta yn yr iaitk Saesoneg yn y fiwyddyn 
1660. Ag yn awr gwedi t gyfieiihu it Gymratg er lleshad i baoib, . 
Can Elisha Beadles. Mwytkig. 

[The Law which was given out of Zion. Declared to men by Walter 
Jenkins. Written first in the English 
tongue in the year 1660. And now 
trai;slated into Welsh for the advantage 
of all. ... By ElJsha Beadles. 
Shrewsbury.] 

The estate continued in the Beadles 
family till the latter part of the eighteenth 
century, when it was sold to Henry 
Allen of Bath, from whom it descended 

to John Rolls, Esq,, who sold it to 

Parry. Trevor Parry, son of George 

Parry, sold it about 1875 to 

Jones, who went to America, and whose 




soldi! 



othew 



ARMS < 



Beproduced f 



Part of the house is very old, and of 

BEADLES. timber work with brick nogging. The 

1 eoEralled behvem more modem part dates from the seven- 

uopsarg>jnL teenth century, and contains the room in 

1 rfci Hi^ry of which the Friends held their meetings. 

Cut on a beam in the kitchen are the 

John Beadles, 

1 an orchard adjoining the house. It was 
surrounded by a brick wall, towards the keeping up of which there was 
an annual sum of £1 los. charged on Fare Grace Dieu, but the paymeat 
has long since lapsed, and the wails have disappeared. 

There were, so I have been told, several stones, but only ti 
which have become almost illegible. 

" [See F.P.T.. pp. 321-335] 

" [See F.P.T., p. 322. D. possesses two copies of the 1663 editu 
in English. It consists of twelve pages, and has a postscript by Edwi 
Bourne.] 



AN ANCIENT BURIAL GROUND. 



Trivzd Hee t 



Month i66i. 

The other stone Ues in an oblong position, and I have been told that 
■when some years ago the owners of the place, after removing several stones 
for repairs to the building, endeavoured to move this one, the oxea were 
nnable to get it farther, being prevented by a higher power : — 



Hebe lieth the Body of Jonathan Barrow, \ 
yc 2^1^, '737i *GED ^5 y'". Also the Body of Sar. 



D October 



Jonathan Barrow was a timber dealer 
William Barrow of Wilton -by-Ro5s. 



746, Aged 60 years.' 
Monmouth, the s 



€migraftott (o (pennepfpania. 

In the settlement of his Province by William Penn, 
large, almost free grants of land were made to emigrants 
from North Wales, forming a district known as the 
Welsh Tract. In i68z John ap Thomas and Edward 
Jones, for themselves and friends (seventeen families), 
purchased 5,000 acres of land. This land was at one 
time known as Merioneth, and later as Lower Merion, 
and extended from the Schuylkill near the Falls towards 
the still existing Merion Meeting House, including this 
ground, and extending westwardly beyond it. In 
Holme's Map of the Province of Pennsylvania, the following 
are given as the boundaries of this land, which he calls 
that of Edward Jones and Company, being seventeen 

'•[There are sixty-six entries of burials at the Pant in the Friends' 
Burial Registers, including those refening to Jonathan and Sarah Barrow. 
The latest entry 13 dated 1771. 1 



^ 




36 



JOHN AP JOHN. 



families, viz. — On the north by lands of William SharloiRil 
and John Roberts, on the east by the Schuylkill River, on 
the south by the Liberty Lands of Philadelphia, on the 
west by lands of Charles Lloyd, Thomas Lloyd, John 
ap John, Richard Davies, and John Bevan. A httle to 
the north-west is the land of Rowland Ellis. The use of 
the names of Charles Lloyd, John ap John, and Richard 
Davies, is not intelligible, as no one of them went to Penn- 
sylvania, even on visits. It is probable that the land 
set aside to these five Friends was not a completed gift 
(and certainly it was not taken up by them or on their 
behalf), but that some intention of a Trust was connected 
with it. 



Iponf^moif^* 



The following is also extracted from The History oj 
Monmouthshire : — 

At Pont-y-moel there wm an early settlement of Quakers. Eliaha 
Beadles (son of John Beadles of the Pant in Llanfihangel Ystem Llewem), 
an apothecary and mercer in Ponty-pool, was a leading member of the 
sect before 1700, as wa.s aUo Richard Hanbury and his son Charles. 
From the latter is descended the well-tnown family of Hanbury of 
London, bankers and brewers. 

The earliest monthly meeting of Friends held at Pont-y-moel of which 
there is a record is in i?o3. At this there were present ; Elisha Beadles, 
of Font-y-rooel ; Richard Hanbury of Pont-y-moel : Charles Hanbury 
of Llanfihangel Ystern Ltewem ; Roger Jenldn of Pont-y-moel, elsewhere 
described as of Llanvrechva. 

The oldest meeting-house, o! which only three walls remain, is to be 
seen on the north aide of the railway nearly opposite Maes-derwen. The 
burial-ground is covered by the embankment, and the walls of the meeting- 
house at this spot form the boundary fence of the railway. The railway 
here follows the line of the caaal, and it was when the canal was made, 
about the year 1800, that this meeting-house was abandoned for the new 
one built in Trosnant. This is situated half way up Trosnant on the 
right-hand side, and is now used as a carpenter's shop. On the door of 
the Trosnant burial-ground, in which still remain some mounds covering 
graves without (after the custom of the Quakers) memorial stones, is a 
cast-iron plate with the words : — 

FXIBNDS 

Burial Ground. 

1800. 



* 



EVAN SEVAN. 



37 



The Quakers as a religious community came to an end about 1820, 
ivhen the meeting-house was used for Church o£ England services. In 
7836, when the English Baptist cause was started by the Hev. Thomas 
Thomas, President of tlie College, this building was used by the English 
Baptists, who removed to the Crane Street chapel when that was buiit 
in 1846. 



1 




I 



alter 
cated 
Churct 

ulated in 1695 at 
the age oi eighteen, 
he became an at- 
torney in his native 
county, where he 
officiated as under- 
sheriS. He subse- 
quently joined the 
Society of Friends, 
and setUed at Pont- a.— siitofHteiing H^H'^'a-V^Di'thcMaDocciEdiogin, 
y-moel. Here ha Rtptoduced Irom r;ii Hiitoiy 0) MonmrnUkihiri. by pcrmloJon 
instructed his pupils " ' " ^"'"°'- 

in Latin, Greek, and geography, as well as the principles of his sect. He 
died on the 17th of February. 1746, and was buried in the Friends' 
burial-ground at Pont-y-moeL"^ After his death no more is heard of 
the school. 

Another of the sect was Joseph John. This man was much upset 
when on his death-bed, in 1730, he discovered that bis wife and her 
relation* had secretly paid the tithe, an impost he strongly objected 
to." 

At Pen-y-gam, nearly opposite the Baptist chapel, is a piece of 
ground said to have been once a bmial-ground of the Quakers. On the 

" He signs as Evan Bevan al's Jevans. 

■* [Thomas Chalk's] Aulobiographicat Narrations, 18481 p- 85, tt stq. 

•■> Ibid. [See J. Smith's Catalogue. L 359.) 



4 



38 JOHN AP JOHN. 

north side of this is a. wall of great age, no less than seven feet io thickaflaaTI 
bounding a garden which in recent yeais was a public tea-garden. It 
■bows signs of having been laid out in the old style with a raised mount 
in the centre. The house, which is an ancient one, gives the plat 
Appearance of having once been of some consideration. In the wall 
the small fern called Cystopteris /ragilis. This is said to be f: 
eastward, wbere it grows wild. 



References to John ap John and early Quakerism in Wales, in addition 
tothosegiveaabove, may be founding- — Croese's History', 1696, pp. 51.69; 
Crouch's Poslhuma Chrisliana, 1712, p. 135: Pugh's Salulatioti, 173a, 
preface: The Friend (Pbila.). vol. 25 (1853), p. 205. and continued for 
manyweelcs; The Brilisk Friend, voi. /ig (i8gi), pp. 166, 38i ; TheFriend 
(Lond.), vol. ,14 (1874), p. igg, vol. 41 [1901), pp. 486, 501, vol. 46(1906), 
p. 117 ; The American Friend, vol. 10 (1^3), p. 417 ; Friends' Quarterly 
Examiner, vols. 14, p. 86, 24, p. 167, 36, pp. 26;, 517 ; G. H. Evans's 
Anliqvarian Notes, 1904 ; The Friends in Walei, by E. Griffith, J.P., (895; 
J. E. Southall's Leaves from the History of Welsh Noncon/ormily, 1899. 
and other works ; Dr. J. J. Levick's John ap Thomas and his Friends, 
1S86, and The Early Welsh Quakers and their Etnigraiion to Pennsylvania, 
1894; T. A. Glenn's Merion in the Welsh Tract. i8i>6 ; S. Lloyd's The 
Lloyds of Birmingham, 1997. 

There are namerous references to Wales in the Swarthmore and other 
MSS. in D, There is also in D. a copy of the tract. The West Answering 
to the North, opon the title page of which is written, " John ap John his 
bookc." 



llgrows^^^J 
farthM^^H 

ddition I 



^H^ 3nie;c. ^ 


^^^^ 


— 


Aberconway, 32. 




Abergine, Z2. 






British Friend, The, 38. 


Allen, Henry, 34, 


Brown, John, 23. 


Almeley, 16. 


Burial Grounds, 34-38. 


Alsop family, 17, 28. 


Burnyeat, John, 1;. 


America, 10, 34. 


Bumyeat, John, Writings, 10. 


American FrUnd. Thi. 38- 




Anglesey, 3, 31. 


Caerwent, 23. 


' Ashbourne, 28. 


Caerwys, 16, [9. 


Audland, Jofm, 7. 


Camm, John, 7. 


Awberry, William, 31. 


Cardiff, 9, 11, 12, i5, 22, 23, 33. 




Cardigan, 15. 


Bala. !5. i5. 


Carnarvon, 8. 


Bangs, Benjamin, 21. 


Cefn Bychap, 18. 


Baptists, 13, [8. 22. 37. 


Chalk, T„ Narrations, 37°- 


Barcroft, John, 32. 
Barrow family, 35, n. 


Charles I., 2, 33. 


Charles II., 14. 


Basford, 25-27. 
Bath, 34. 


Chepstow (Shipton), 9, 22. 


Cheshire. 1, a, 8, 10, 17, 18, 21- 


Baxter, Richard, 7. 


23. 18, 32, 


Beadles, Eliaha. 34, if>. 


Chester, z, 7, g, 32, 33. 


Beadles, John, 34, 36. 


Chirk, 3, 12. 


, Beaumaris, 3, 8, 

Bedel, Sir Capel, 34. 


churches, speaking in, 11-13. 


Circular Yearly Meetings, sgn. 


Bedwell, Morris, priest, \z. 


33; see Bristol; Wales. 


Besse. J., Suffirings. 10-13, =3. 


Civil War. 3, 4, 9- 


33. 


Cloddiau Cochion. 13, [5, 16, i3, 19, 


Bevan, Evan, 37, n. 


3'' 


Bcvan. John, 36. 


Coed Epionaidd, 31. 


Bewdley, 3a. 


Common Prayer, Boolt of, 13. 


Birkett, Alice, 32, 23. 


Conway, 32. 


Blomo. R., Fanaiich History, sn. 


Coppull, 32. 


Boothby family, 28. 


Cousins, S., 28. 


Boothby, Sir William, 11. 


Cradock, Walter, 3, 4. ^^ 


Boame, Edward, 34n. 


Croese, G., History, 38. ^^^M 


Braddock, , 33. 


CromweU, Oliver, 11, 14. ^^H 


Bradney, J. A.. Hiitoiy of flfon- 


Crouch, W.. works. 38. ^^H 


mouthshi*!. 33-3S. 


Crowton, 21. ^^^H 


Brecknock, 7. 


Cumberland, 32. ^M 


Brecknockshire, 33, ji. 


Cynfael. 4. ^M 


Briggs, Thomas, 15. 


^M 


Bristol, 7, :o, i;. (6. 


Davies. Catherine, aft. Edwards. ^H 


Bristol Y.M.. 32: see Circular 


9, 17, ^^H 


Yearly Meetings. 


Davies, Edward, iS. ^^^1 


Bristowe, Robert, 38. 


Davies. John, tS. ^^^^ 




J 



Davies, Richard (of Welshpool), 

lo, 19. 2j, J9, jj, 36. 
Davies, R., Journal, 10, 13-19. 
Davies, Richard (of Rhuddallt), 



17. li 



25.31- 



Davies (Edwards), Richard, 18. 

Davies, Tace, 18. 

Davison, Joseph, 26a. 

Dawkins, Robert, 11. 

Dean, Forest of, 9. 

Dee, river, 1. 

Denbigh, 17. 

Denbighshire, 2, 11. 17, 33, 35, 31. 

Derby, zo. 

Derbyshire, ao. 

Directory for Public Worship, 13. 

Do'gelly. 3. 4. 8, 15, 18. 30-31. 

Dolgyn, 30. 

Dolobran, 10, 14, 16, 19, ai, ij, 

31-33. 
Dolserau, 3, i;. 

Edge family, 28. 
Edlogan, 37. 

Edmondsoa, William, 32. 
education, s6, o, 37. 
Edward, David ap, 17. 
Edwards, Catherine, /orBi. Davies, 

12. 17. *3- 
Edwards, Edward, 33, 29. 
Edwards (Davies), Richarii, 18. 
Elizabeth, Queen, 38, 33. 
Ellis, Rowland, 36. 
Ellis. Thomas, 10, ij, n, 29, 30. 
emigration, 3, 15, 19, 35. 38. 
Eadon. David, 18. 
Endon, Tace, farm. Davies, 18. 
Episcopalians, 2, 4, 13, 37. 
Evan, Morgan, 14. 
Evans, Edward, 14. 
Evans, Evan, 37. 
Evans, G. Eyre, Noles, 38. 
Evans, Robert, mayor, 31. 
Everot, Jolin, ja. 

Fallowfield, William, 10, si, 3a. 
'■ Firil Pt4blitheTi of Truth," 150, 

3411. 34°- 
Flintshire, 19, 13. 
Floyd, see Lloyd. 
Ford, Hugh, 27. 
Fox. George, 1,4,6, 17, 19, 31-33, 

n, 25n, 33, n. 
Fox, G., Journal, 3, 6-9, 330. 
Foic, Margaret, 31. 
Fowler, Eliiuibetl), form. Hough, 38. 



Fowler, Henry, 28. 

Frandley, 18. 

Friend, The (Lond.), ijn, 290, 38. 

Friend. The (Phila.), 38. 

Friends' Quarterly Examiner, 38. 

Gandy, William, 8. 
Garthgynvor. 5, 30, 31. 
Gawler, Francis, 13, 13, 23. 
Gawler, F., Record, 13, n, 23, 24. 
Gibbins, Frederick J., 290. 
Gibson Bequest M55., 5. 
Glamorganshire, 11, 2a, 23, 37. 
Glenn, T. A., Morion, 38. 
Gloucester, 4. 
Gloncestershire, 10, 15, 21. 
Gratton, John, Journal, 20. 
Griffin, Evan, priest, 1 3. 
Griffith, E., Friends in Walea, 3%^ 
Griffith. Henry, captain, 12. 
Gwersyilt, 12. 

Hacker, Colonel, 8. 
Hammersley, Thomas, 20. 
Hanbury family, 36. 
Hanbury, Richard, 9. 36. 
Haverfordwest, 8, iS, 24, 29; Jj 
Ha warden, 21. 
Henry, Philip, 4. 
Herbert, Lord, 16. 
Herefordshire, 16, 33. 
Hodge, Toby, 12. 
Hoilins (HoUyoes) family, 27, \ 
Holme, Map of Pinna., 35. 
Holme, Elizabeth, 21-24. 
Holme, Thomas, 7, 21-24. 
Holt, Joseph, 20, 21. 
Holyhead, 32. 
Horton Hall, 27, 28. 
Hough family, 28. 
Hubberthome, Richard, 511. 
Humphrey. Owen, 15. 
Humphreys, William, 30. 

Independents, 3. 4, 7-9, 13-1$^ 
informers, 10, 12, 16, 20, 3i, 

Ingestre, 37. 
Ipstones, 25, 38. 
Ireland, 32. 

:^S li, '17. 

: ames, John, 18. 33. 

enkins family, 33. 
, enkins, Roger, 36. 
I enlrina, Walter, j, 33-35. 
JenMns, W., Law, 34, n. 



levan, see Bevao. 

Joho, Anne, 2. 

John, Catlw^ino, form. Trevor, 4. 

John, Catherine, form. Trevor or 

John, John ap. his parents and 
biith, I, i ; residence at Trevor, 
I, z ; lack of biographical details. 
1 , 4, 26 ; his school-days, 3 ; 
early religious and political 
views, 3, 4 : minister at Beau- 
maris, 3 ; his marriage, 4. ; ; 
his wife, 4, as : bis daughter, 5, 
33, 15 ; a Trier, 6, 7 ; first meet- 
ing with G. Fox, 6. 7 ; travels 
witli G. Pox, 7-9 ; imprison- 
ments at Tenby. 8, at Beau- 
maris, 8, at Cardiff, II, 12, 16, 
32, at Swansea, 11, u : travels 
with John Bumyeat, 10 ; travels 
with Richard Davies, 15, 18; 
speaker in Welsh and English, 
1$ ; mendoned in Quarterly 
Meeting Minutes, 19 ; at the 
funeral of Robert Meilor, zo, 2 1 ; 
mentioned by Thomas Holme, 
22,23; removal to Whitehough, 

35 : his death, 25, z6, 31 ; de- 
tails of his life to be collected, 

36 ; his descendants, 27, 23 ; 
attendances at Yearly Meeting 
for Wales. 29. 31 : provided 
a Meeting House at Rhuddallt, 
31 ; his land in Pennsylvania, 
36. 

[ohn, Joseph, 37, n. 

[ohn, Maria, 2. 

[ohn, PiKBbe, see Jones, Ph(»be. 

[ohn, Roger ap, ;, n, 31. 

rones. , 34. 

[ones, David, 32. 

[ones, Edward, 35. 

[ones, Phcebe, afl. Meilor, 5, 23, 



Kingscott, , 33. 

'I.ancashire, 6. 

Idnd, Archbishop, z. 
Lea, Francis, 29. 
Leek, 21, 25-2S. 
Leicestershire, 8, 3i, 3 
ILeomiaster, 8. 
Leonard, Philip, 29. 
' 'J. J., works, 31 



'X. 41 

Lewis, James, 31. 
Lewis, Owen, 14. 

Littlemore, Jacob, 33. 

Llancgryn, 30. 

Llanfair, 14. 

Llanfihangel Ystem Llewem, 33, 39. 

Llangollen, i, 2. 

Llanidloes, iS, 31-33. 

Llantwit Faedre, 37. 

Llanvrechva, 36. 

Lloyd, Charles, 10, 14, 16, 19, zi, 

31-33. 36. 
Lloyd, Deborah, aft. Moore, 20. 
Lloyd, Morgan, 4, 6, 7, 9. 
Lloyd, Samuel, Lloyds, 38. 
Lloyd, Sarah, 33. 
Lloyd, Thomas, 15, 16, 19, zo, 36. 
Lloyd, William, bishop, 16, 17. 
Llwyngwril, 15. 
London, 10, 14, 16-19, 3*, 36- 
London Y.M., i5, 26, 29-31. 

Macclesfield, 21. 28. 
Machynlleth, to, 15. 
Maes^lerwen, 36. 
Maryland, zo. 
Mathafam, 10. 
Mayo, Eliiabeth, 16. 
Mayo, John, 12, i5. 
Meeting for Sufferings, i, 26, 
Meilor family, 27. 
Meilor, Elizabeth, ao, !i, 
Meilor, John, zo, 25-27, 32. 
Meilor, Phcebe, form, Jones, 25, 27. 
Meilor, Robert, 20, 21, 26. 
Merion, Lower, 35, 38. 
Merioneth (Pa.), 35. 
Merionethshire, 2, 10, 16, 30, 31. 
Merionethshire, Montgomerysbire 

and Shropshire Q.M., 19, 27. 
Milford Haven, 10. 
Millington, John, 14. 
Monmouth, 33-35. 
Monmouthshire, 10, 16, 21-23, 33>' 

3<i- 
Montgomery, 33. 
Montgomerysture, 2, 8, lo, 13, 19, 

22, 23, 27, 31. 

Monyash, 20. 

Moore, Deborah, form. Lloyd, 20. 

Moore, Mordecai, 19, 20. 

Moore, Richard, 19. 

Morfey, 18. 

Morning Meeting, 27, 

Morris, Ellis, 30. 

Mossleigh, 27, 28. 

Mostyn, Ambrose, 4. 



^^^Bm 


H^^i 


42 INDEX. ' 


Mvddieton. Colonel, 3. 


Reynolds, Eliiabeth, a/I. ""'IfriiJ 


MyddletOQ, Sir Thomas, 3. 


27. '^jB 




Reynolds, John, 27. ^^^1 


Nantwich, 18, 32. 


Reynolds, Sir Joshua, 2S. ^^^| 


Nar berth, 3011. 


Reynolds. Sarah, 27. ^^H 


Nayler, James, sn. 


Rhuddallt Isaf, 9. 17, 18, 23, ajTl 




31- 1 


New Inn, 32. 


Rider. Tryall. 31. 


Newport, 9, 2a, 13, 32. 


Roberts, . preacher, 12. J 


Newton, Haanah, 18. 


Roberts, John, 36. ^^J 


North Wales Q,M., 27, 30. 


Roberts, Roger, 32. ^^M 


Nottinghamshire, 11. 


Robinson, Justice, la. ^^^1 
Rolls, John, 34. ^^^1 


Oakham, a:. 


Rooke, George. 32. ^^H 
Ruabon. 1, 2. 5, 9, 12, 17, 3t«^^^| 




Ruthin, 11. ^^^^1 


Owen, Lewis. 31, 31. 




Owen, Robert. 3, i;. 


St. Asaph, 16. ^^H 


Owen, Rowland. 18. 
Oxford, 37. 


Schuylkill. 35. 36. ^H 
Severn, river, 10. ^^^1 




Sharlow, William, 36. ^^M 


Paine. William, 14. 


Shiptou (Chepstow), 9. ^^H 


Palmer, Alfred N., 3. 


Shirenewton. 23. ^^M 


Pant. The, 21, 33-30. 


Shon. ap, 25. ^ 


Parry family, 34. 


Shone, Roger ap, 12. 


Pembrokeshire. 8, 10, 16, 30. 


Shrewsbury, 8, 10, 14, 1;, 18-21, 1 


Penllyn, ij, 16. 


'7. 33. 34. 


Penn, William, 16,32,35. 




PennBylvaaia. 3. 15. 19, 30. 32, 




35. 3f5. 38- 


Q.M., 19. 1 


Pen-y-clawdd, 12, 


Smith, Joseph, Catalogue, 370. 1 


Pen-y-garn, 37. 


Somersetshire, 9. 


Philadelphia. 36. 


South River, zo. 


PI as Eva (Evan). 2. 


Southall, J. E.. Leaves, 38. 


Players, W., 29. 


Stafford. 27. 28. 


Pontymoile, 8. 21, 36-38. 


Staffordshire, 20. 21, 25. n, 26. 


Pontypool, 7, 9, 34, 36. 


Stockport, II. 


Powell, Vavasor, 13-15. 


Story, Thomas, Journal, 32, 


Powis, Lord, 10. 


Stourbridge. 32. 


Presbyterians, 3. 4. 13. 


Sutton, 28. 


Price, Peter, 7, 33. 


Swansea, 9, 11-13, 16, 23, 30. 


Prichard, Roger, 16. 


Swarthmore, 6. 


Protectorate. 3, 14. 


Swarthmore MSS., 22n, 23, n. 


Pogh.E,. Salutation, 38. 


38. 


Pngh, Justice, ro. 




Pugh, Thomas ap, 12. 


Talycoed, 34n. ^_ 


Puritans, 2, 3. 


Tenby. 8. .^H 




Thelwall, Colonel S.. 3. ^H 


Quaker Justices, 7, 22, 23. 
Quakers' Graveyard. The, 2. 


Thomas, Anne, 18. ^^^1 
Thomas, John ap, 35, 38. ^^^H 
Thomas, Rev. Thomas, 37. ^^^H 




tithes. 4, 37. ^^H 


Radnorshire. 7, 8, 16, 22, 23, 31, 


Tregaron, I^^^H 


3=- 


Trevor, i, 2, 4, g. iz, 17, 23, ^^^^M 


Raglan, 21. 


Trevor, Catherine, aft. Johni^^^^l 




Trevor John, 4. ™*^™ 


Redstone, 30. 


^H 



INDEX. 



43 



TrOBiwint, 3^* 
Tjrddyn-y-Garr^, 15, n. 

Valle Crncis, 4. 

Wakeman, Excursions^ 33, n. 
Wales, Y.M. for, 5, 18, 21, 29-32. 
Walter, Richard, 29. 
Welsh Tract, The, 35, 38. 
W^hpool, 10, 13-15, 21, 23. 
Wesleyans, 19. 
West Answering to North, 38. 
Whetstone, 8, 33. 
Whitecastle, 33. . 
Whitehead, George, 16, 18. 
Whitehough, 20, 21, 25-28. 



Williams, John, 33. 

Williams, Philip, 33. 

Wilson, Thomas, 32. 

Wilton-by-Ross, 35. 

Wolverhampton, 26. 

Worcester, 32. 

Worcestersliore, 15, 16. 

Wrexham, 1-7, 9, 10, 12, 16, 18, 21, 

31-33. 
Wyle Cop, 14. 
Wynne, Dr., 17. 
Wynne, Thomas, 16, 19. 
Wynnstay, 17. 



Yale family, 17. 



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